Statistical analysis was performed using the mixed model procedure of SAS, and the main effects tested were dietary lipid source, CLA, and 2-way interaction. The addition of CLA to each basal diet improved (P < 0.05) belly firmness measured either lean side down or fat side down from the belly bar firmness test [4.39 cm vs. 7.01 cm (lean down) and 5.75 cm vs. 10.54 cm (fat down)] for 0 and 0.75% dietary CLA, respectively. The compression
test used on bacon slabs showed that bacon from CLA-supplemented FK228 research buy pigs was approximately 20% firmer than that from controls. Pigs fed the HOC diets had softer bellies compared (P < 0.05) with pigs fed the NC diet as measured by the belly bar test [6.94 cm vs. 9.26 cm (fat down)], respectively. Conjugated linoleic acid did not, however, improve bacon sliceability. No differences were observed for moisture, protein, or lipid percentages between any treatments. Overall, there was a CLA effect (P < 0.04) for lipid oxidation, in which the addition of CLA
decreased bacon oxidation (0.1498 CLA vs. 0.1638 no CLA). Dietary CLA increased the percentage of SFA in tissues from pigs supplemented with CLA. Dietary inclusion of CLA increased the concentration of all measured Dibutyryl-cAMP isomers of CLA in bacon. Sensory scores of bacon showed no differences for any see more of the sensory attributes measured
between any of the treatments. Our results indicate that inclusion of dietary CLA will improve belly firmness, extend the shelf life stability of bacon, and increase the degree of fat saturation.”
“Symmetric axial extraction of radiation from a relativistic magnetron with diffraction output (MDO) facilitates the use of any eigenmode as the operating one. As a consequence, a relatively small input RF signal can be used for mode switching, unlike the case for asymmetric extraction when only non-degenerate modes (the pi- mode or the 2 pi- mode) can be used as the operating one. Using the MAGIC particle-in-cell code we demonstrate that about 180 MW is required to switch these non-degenerate modes in the well-known 400 kV A6 magnetron with extraction of radiation from one of its cavities when driven by a solid cathode, and about 30 MW is required for the same device when driven by a transparent cathode. For the gigawatt A6 MDO with a transparent cathode, however, only 200-300 kW is sufficient for mode switching and the switched mode continues to be generated after elimination of the input short RF signal when the amplitude of the applied axial magnetic field is near the critical value corresponding to the boundary between synchronous regions for neighboring modes.