5 μg/ml continued to show a steady activity and resulted in a 0 CFU/ml on the 21st day. Since the experimentation was performed in non-acid condition, the activity of PZA was not efficient without any change in the log CFU/ml up to 21st day. Since PZA is not active in normal pH medium as it needs acidic environment selleckchem for its action, our findings of low PZA activity in non-acidic pH fit with this established fact (Table 1). Figure 1 Bactericidal activity of PA- 824 on Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37 RV under anaerobic condition. The treatment with 12.5 μg/ml of PA-824 shows a complete reduction in the log CFU/ml after 21 days. P1 and P2: PA-824 at
3 and 12.5 μg/ml; R: Rifampicin at 1 μg/ml; Z: Pyrazinamide at 50 μg/ml. Docking studies The docking studies
(Table 2) showed that Ligands 6 and 10 have the highest binding affinity of −8.4 and −8.0 Kcal/mol respectively with the wild type Ddn receptor when compared to that of PA-824 which had a value of −6.9 Kcal/mol. Considering the mutant receptor, the binding of PA-824 was lowered to a value of −6.7 Kcal/mol showing that the active site mutation has a potential to lower the binding affinity. This trend was also followed in Ligands 6 and 10 whose binding affinity values were lowered to −8.1 and −7.7 Kcal/mol respectively. Ligand 8, contradicted this trend showing an increase from −7.7 Kcal/mol with the wild click here type receptor to a value of −8.5 Kcal/mol with the mutant receptor. Considering that ligand 8 has a higher affinity to the wild type receptor itself than the PA-824, future evaluations of this
lead could be effected. Discussion Bactericidal activity The main aim of people, who are working for the control of tuberculosis, is to have a shorter treatment regimen than shorten the current six months duration. Following P505-15 in vivo fluoroquinolones, few promising drugs were developed including nitroimidazo-oxazine PA-824, developed by Global Alliance for tuberculosis and which is in Phase II studies . It has been shown that PA-824 has a novel mechanism of action affecting protein and lipid synthesis of M. tuberculosis and has potential bactericidal activity, which is comparable to that of isoniazid, a first line Anti-tuberculosis drug . PA-824 also appears to be active against non-replicating bacilli, which suggests that it might Nintedanib (BIBF 1120) be a potent sterilizing drug . Hence the in vitro study was undertaken with PA-824, to understand its bactericidal activity on static and anaerobic M. tuberculosis. After adaptation to micro aerophilic culture, the organisms do not multiply and the drugs that are capable of killing non-replicating bacteria are useful in treating latent infection with TB. This helps to determine the sterilizing activity on M. tuberculosis in our experiments with single drugs This study observed that the activity of PA-824 at the higher concentration of 12.