The experiment was performed in 3 replicates and photographs of representative plates were taken 20 days post inoculation. B: Tolerance of C. rosea strains to the secreted metabolites of B. cinerea (Bc), R. solani (Rs) and F. graminearum (Fg). Agar plugs were inoculated on PDA plates covered with cellophane and incubated at 25°C in darkness. After reaching to the end of plate the colony was see more removed together with the cellophane disc. Plates were re-inoculated with a C. rosea WT, ΔHyd1, ΔHyd3, ΔHyd1ΔHyd3, and ΔHyd1+, ΔHyd3+ agar
plug, incubated at 25°C and linear growth was recorded daily. C: Secretion assay of C. rosea strain. Fungal strains GS-4997 price were grown in potato dextrose broth for 10 days at 25°C. Culture filtrates was collected after removing mycelia mass and were inoculated with B. cinerea (Bc), R. solani (Rs) or F. graminearum (Fg) agar plug. Biomass production in culture filtrates was analysed by determining mycelial dry weight post 3 days of inoculation. Error bars represent standard deviation based on 3 biological replicates. Different letters indicate statistically significant differences (P ≤ 0.05)
within experiments based on the Tukey-Kramer test. In another set of experiments, mycelial biomass of B. cinerea, Selleckchem GSK2399872A F. graminearum and R. solani was measured in sterile-filtered culture filtrates of C. rosea WT and deletion strains. A significantly (P < 0.001) higher biomass production of B. cinerea, F. graminearum and R. solani was recorded when grown in culture filtrates of hydrophobin deletion
strains compared with WT culture filtrate (Figure 6C). No differences in fungal biomass production were found between culture filtrates of either single or double mutant strains (Figure 6C). Assessment of antagonistic activity of C. rosea strains using a detached leaves assay A significant (P < 0.001) reduction in necrotic lesion area was measured on leaves preinoculated with C. rosea WT compared to control leaves where only selleck kinase inhibitor B. cinerea was inoculated (Figure 7). In addition, in leaves preinoculated with ΔHyd1, ΔHyd3, or ΔHyd1ΔHyd3 strains, necrotic lesion areas were significantly (P < 0.001) less severe than those observed in WT preinoculated leaves. No difference in necrotic lesion areas were found between leaves preinoculated with either single or double deletion strains (Figure 7). Figure 7 Measurement of B . cinerea necrotic lesions on detached leaves of A. thaliana plants. The leaves were inoculated with C. rosea strains 30 minute before application of B. cinerea and allowed to interact for 56 h. Only pathogen inoculated leaves were used as control. Necrotic lesion area was measured under the microscope using DeltaPix camera and software. Error bars represent standard deviation based on 3 biological replicates. Different letters indicate statistically significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) within experiments based on the Tukey-Kramer test. Assessment of C.