All data were standardized as a ratio of gene expression CH5183284 mw intensity to the mean expression intensity of selected housekeeping genes
(ACTB, RPS27A, HSP90AB1). Cluster analyses were performed using the GEArray Expression Analysis Suite software according to the design of the experiments, i.e., separately for each cell line and inhibitor type. Results Our experiments were aimed at a detailed analysis of the changes in gene expression in SK-N-BE(2) and SH-SY5Y cells induced by combined treatment with ATRA and LOX/COX inhibitors (CA or CX). We used the same experimental design as in our previous study  that reported at the cellular level the influence of this treatment on cell differentiation and apoptosis: we evaluate cell populations treated with ATRA alone or with ATRA and inhibitor (CA or CX) in respective concentrations. We performed the comparison of cluster analyses of achieved data to detect genes or gene groups with the same types of changes in their expression (Figure 1,
Table 1). After combined treatment with ATRA and CA, we detected 50 genes with changed expression in SK-N-BE(2) cells and 91 genes with changed expression in SH-SY5Y cells. As a result of combined treatment with ATRA and CX, Ro 61-8048 in vivo 98 genes with changed expression were identified in SK-N-BE(2) cells and 66 genes with changed expression were identified in SH-SY5Y cells. We analyzed these data from two different viewpoints. Figure 1 Results of gene cluster analysis. Genes were clustered according to type of changes in expression in particular cell lines (SK-N-BE(2) or SH-SY5Y) after combined treatment with ATRA and particular inhibitors (CA or CX). ATRA was applied in PSI-7977 research buy concentrations of 1 or 10 μM (1 ATRA, 10 ATRA); CA in concentrations of 13 and 52 μM (13 CA, 52 CA), and CX in concentrations of 10 and 50 μM (10 CX, 50 CX). The green color at the farthest left end of the color scale corresponds to the minimal
value; the red color at the farthest right end of the color scale corresponds to the maximal value; and the black color in the middle of the color scale corresponds to the average value. Each of the other values corresponds to a certain color according to its magnitude. The colors are assigned according to the value of the particular gene expression in all samples in the Rolziracetam respective experimental variant (I, II, III or IV). Table 1 Description of different types of changes in gene expression after combined treatment with ATRA and inhibitors (CA or CX) in SK-N-BE(2) and SH-SY5Y cell lines cluster number of genes type of change in gene expression I. Treatment with ATRA and CA; SK-N-BE(2) cell line I.A 7 strong increase especially after treatment with 10 ATRA/52 CA; marked increase noted also after treatment with 1 ATRA alone and all other combinations I.B 14 marked increase especially after treatment with 1 ATRA/13 CA; the increase noted also after treatment with 1 ATRA alone I.