That is, the positive feedback provided by the pharmacy educator

That is, the positive feedback provided by the pharmacy educator serves to increase pharmacists’ confidence in their own counselling skills, thus reducing communication anxiety.[19] A similar approach to feedback provision has been described this website by de Almeida Neto (2003),[5] however it has not been tested empirically. Future studies should consider introducing principles of MI to

feedback provision. The simulated-patient method with performance feedback was very well received by participants in the reviewed studies,[3,9,10,12,13,20,35] confirming its feasibility and acceptance in assessing the competence of pharmacists and their staff, as well as being part of an educational strategy in the community pharmacy setting.[3,20] The most frequent reason for volunteering in these projects was to find out how their pharmacy was performing, to learn new practice skills, and to improve their counselling services.[18,35] When conducted in a professional and sensitive manner, feedback serves as a sound and effective method of learning, to improve counselling quality, thus being acceptable selleck chemicals for future education and training.[13] Owing to the feedback given, the simulated patient method was ‘motivating and educational’, in encouraging change in practice and in helping improve counselling standards

in the long term.[35] Finally, although simulated patients can be used to assess and educate on a wide variety of scenarios, only three of the 30 reviewed studies used scenarios involving children’s medicines.[33–35] This finding concurs with the systematic review by Mesquita et al., however they reported no studies employing scenarios involving children.[19] This area of pharmacy requires focus, as these studies showed poor management of many childhood ailments.[33–35] Furthermore, two of these three studies[33,34] did not include any element of feedback and training,

which may be an effective tool in improving the management of common childhood ailments, and one had delayed feedback.[35] Finally, the scenarios used in Dimethyl sulfoxide the studies reviewed included the treatment of diarrhoea,[33,34] head lice and rash.[35] Whilst these are commonly presenting symptoms in childhood, it is interesting to note that no studies have had a specific focus on cough and cold or paracetamol (acetaminophen)-based preparations, which are widely used in children and often require weight-based dose calculations.[57–59] Research has shown that parents and caregivers gain much children’s medicines information and advice from pharmacists, yet lack of knowledge or inadequate advice about such medicines can lead to undesirable consequences, such as inappropriate use and dosing.[60,61] More work on improving the way parents manage common childhood ailments through appropriate advice from a pharmacy is warranted.

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