New ionomers are currently being sought to replace the ionomers, which contain fluorine and are harmful to environment and Elafibranor expensive. A new and promising ionomer is a sulfonated ethylene/styrene copolymer. A nearby alternating copolymer with styrene content of 47 mol % was polymerized with metallocene/MAO catalyst. Membranes were prepared by hot-pressing copolymer films with a glassfiber tissue. Phenyl
rings in the copolymers were sulfonated with chlorosulfonic acid as a sulfonating agent. As the alternating structure of the copolymer, sulfonic groups were evenly distributed along the membranes. The membranes were characterized by determining water uptake, ion exchange capacity, proton conductivity, and mechanical properties. The studies revealed that the sulfonated copolymers have promising properties for proton-conducting applications. All membranes had good ion exchange capacity, similar to 3.5 meq/g, and proton conductivity, over 50 mS/cm. Due to the high water uptake of the sulfonated copolymer, mechanical properties of the membranes were improved by using the glassfiber tissue
as reinforcement. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012″
“Alcohol use, abuse, and dependence have the potential learn more to result in alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM). This distinct form of congestive heart failure (CHF) is responsible for 21-36% of all cases of nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy in Western society. Without complete abstinence, the 4-year mortality for ACM approaches 50%. Therefore, accurate and detailed assessment of alcohol GDC0068 use in congestive heart failure is essential. The prevalence
of problematic alcohol use is unrecognized by many clinicians. Clinical assessment of alcohol intake is often reduced to a simple question such as, “”Do you drink?”" Denial and minimization are hallmarks of alcohol abuse, with many individuals underreporting their use of alcohol. Clinicians can overcome these hurdles by implementing practical history taking measures to improve the accuracy of self-reported alcohol use. The data regarding the dangers of ongoing alcohol use in individuals with ACM make attempts to engage individuals in treatment to support abstinence essential. Suggestions for detailed and accurate assessment are discussed.”
“Numb chin syndrome (NCS), also known as mental nerve neuropathy, is characterized by facial and oral numbness restricted to the distribution of the mental nerve. Although not a common neuropathy, the clinical importance of this syndrome is its frequent association with malignancies, particularly breast cancer and lymphoma. In this paper, we present a rare case of Burkitt cell acute lymphocytic leukemia initially presenting with bilateral NCS. In this case, no abnormalities were detected on initial blood tests and radiologic investigations except for partial loss of lamina dura around mandibular teeth. Furthermore, we found no evidence of any other signs of central nervous system involvement apart from NCS.