Methods  Data on caries occurrence in primary teeth were obtaine

Methods.  Data on caries occurrence in primary teeth were obtained at the baseline by a trained dentist. Permanent tooth emergence data of 539 students from 16 elementary schools in Yeoncheon were examined annually from 1995 to 2003 using dental

casts. The median CX-5461 clinical trial age at emergence of the teeth was calculated using a linear logistic regression model. A multiple linear regression model was used to evaluate the effect of caries on the emergence of permanent teeth. Results.  The age of permanent tooth emergence was different between boys and girls, but the difference was not statistically significant at the 5% level. Having ‘decayed teeth’ hastened the emergence of most second premolars and second molars, whereas the regression coefficients ranged from −1.23 to −0.82. The number of ‘filled teeth’ showed a correlation with maxillary second premolars and mandibular first premolar, and the regression coefficients ranged from −1.92 to −3.25. Conclusions.  Having dental caries in primary teeth can be a strong predictor of earlier emergence of permanent teeth. “
“Longer and more complex dental procedures could negatively affect patient’s selleck screening library acceptability of minimal invasive techniques.

Therefore, this short communication aims to show the preliminary findings regarding children’s discomfort reported after some minimal invasive treatments in treating initial caries lesions on approximal surfaces: flossing instruction, silver diamine fluoride (SDF) application and caries resin infiltration. Children allocated in the infiltration group showed higher levels of discomfort

than those in the SDF and control groups. These findings suggest that the simplest interventions for approximal initial caries lesions cause less discomfort for children and should be applied where possible. “
“This study sought to investigate the effect of caries, in association with physiological root Cediranib (AZD2171) resorption, on the pulpal status of human primary molars. Fifty-three mandibular primary molars were obtained from children requiring extractions under general anaesthesia. Following extraction, teeth were split longitudinally and placed in Zamboni’s fixative. Teeth were categorised according to i) the depth of caries (less than or greater than halfway through dentine thickness) and ii) the degree of physiological root resorption (<33%, 34–66% or >67% of the root length). Ten-micrometre pulp sections were subject to indirect immunofluorescence using a combination of PGP 9.5 (a general neuronal marker), CD45 (a general neuronal marker), and Ulex europaeus agglutinin I (a marker of vascular endothelium). Image analysis was used to determine the percentage area of staining (PAS) for innervation and immune cells.

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