The experiment was repeated several times and produced similar results. Error bars represent the standard error of the mean. N. Mocetinostat chemical structure europaea can use the siderophore ferrioxamine for its iron uptake after a 3 to 4 day lag period suggesting that
the ferrioxamine uptake system in N. europaea requires induction [13, 14]. When N. europaea fur:kanP mutant was grown in Fe-limiting media containing ferrioxamine, there was no lag phase (Figure 5B) indicating that the ferrioxamine uptake system was already induced in the fur:kanP mutant. Effect of fur:kanP mutation on induction of Fe-regulated outer membrane proteins in N. europaea Previous studies have shown that N. europaea grown in Fe-limited medium stimulated expression of several Fe-regulated PXD101 supplier outer membrane proteins (TonB-dependent receptors) with molecular masses of ~ 80 kDa [13, 14]. To determine whether the expression of these proteins was regulated by fur, the N. europaea wild type and the fur: kanP mutant strains were cultured in Fe-replete and Fe-limited media and their
total outer membrane proteins were isolated. SDS-PAGE analysis of the outer membrane protein profiles demonstrated that https://www.selleckchem.com/products/hsp990-nvp-hsp990.html fur:kanP mutant shared a major protein band (Figure 6) with wild type cells grown in Fe-limited media irrespective of the concentration of iron in the medium. This band contained several TonB-dependent OM Fe3+-siderophore receptors [13, 14]. This result is consistent with the model in which the TonB-dependent receptors with putative roles in iron uptake are regulated by fur
. Figure 6 SDS-PAGE Analysis of total membrane proteins. N. europaea wild type and fur:kanP mutant in Fe-replete (10 μM) (lanes 1, 3) and Fe-limited (0.2 μM) media (lanes 2, 4). Over-expression of proteins with molecular weights similar to outer membrane Vorinostat ic50 Fe-siderophore receptors indicated by * was observed in fur:kanP mutant in both Fe-replete and Fe-limited media. Effect of fur:kanP mutation on Fe and heme c contents of N. europaea Fur deficient mutants generally express iron transport systems constitutively (with respect to iron), and have increased free cellular iron levels (although total cellular iron levels are actually reduced, due to low levels of iron-storage and iron-containing proteins) [43, 44]. To determine the effect of fur:kanP mutation on iron contents of N. europaea, wild type and fur:kanP mutant cells were cultured in Fe-replete and Fe-limited media and their total cellular iron contents were measured by ICP-OES analysis. N. europaea Fe-limited cells showed significantly (P-value <0.0001) lower total cellular iron contents compared to Fe-replete cells irrespective of the fur mutation as observed previously (Table 2) . The fur:kanP mutant had 1.5-fold significantly (P-value <0.001) more total cellular iron than the wild-type cells when grown in Fe-replete media (Table 2). The total iron contents of wild type and the fur:kanP mutant did not show significant (P-value = 0.