The BADS-SF has good psychometric properties ( Manos et al , 2011

The BADS-SF has good psychometric properties ( Manos et al., 2011). The therapeutic alliance was measured using the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI; Tracey & Kokotovic, 1989) 12-item (each item ranging from 1–7) self-report version. The WAI has good psychometric properties ( Horvath & Greenberg, 1989). At every session therapists recorded the number and types of assignments selleck screening library from the previous session (e.g., activity monitoring or activity scheduling) and the degree of assignment adherence on a categorical scale ranging from 0 (made

no effort to begin assignment) to 3 (fully completed assignment). This was done using the procedure outlined by Busch, Uebelacker, Kalibatseva, and Miller (2010). Therapists also used functional assessment to establish the reason for assignment noncompletion

after every session (this procedure has been described in detail above; please revisit the section “Overview of the Adapted BA Protocol”). Acceptable interrater reliability was achieved during training of the procedure (Fleiss’ Kappas = .82 – .91; ICC = .92). The Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-S; Svanborg & Asberg, 1994) was selleck chemical used to assess depressive symptoms at baseline, Session 3, 6, 9, and posttreatment. It contains 9 items, each rated from 0 (not at all) to 6 (completely), and total scores range from 0–54 with high scores representing more depressive symptoms. The clinician-rated version was used before and

after treatment (MADRS; Montgomery & Asberg, 1979). Other outcomes were assessed using the The Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS; Leon, Olfson, Portera, Farber, & Sheehan, 1997), the self-report version of the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF; Ramirez, Ekselius, & Ramklint, 2008) and Clinical Global Impression Scales (CGI; Guy, 1976). Psychiatric diagnoses were assessed at baseline using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.; Sheehan et al., 1998) and the general diagnostic criteria Adenosine from the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SCID-II; First et al., 1995). Self-reported criteria for borderline personality disorder (BPD) and avoidant personality disorder (APD) were assessed with the SCID-Screen (Ekselius, Lindstrom, Von Knorring, Bodlund, & Kullgren, 1994). Feasibility is reported using the descriptive statistics of the credibility and satisfaction measures for treatment completers. Changes in BADS-SF in the completers sample were examined using repeated measures ANOVAs. Descriptive statistics for the clinician-rated homework compliance measure are reported for treatment completers. Correlations (Spearman’s Rho) between process and outcome measures are conducted according to the procedure outlined by Steketee and Chambless (1992) using residualized gain scores.

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