SPARC has profound influence on cancer progression . As a secreted acidic and cysteine-enriched protein in the ECM, SPARC inhibits the proliferation of different cell types and modulates tumor cell aggressive features. This apparent paradox might result either from the biochemical properties of the different SPARC sources (endogenous or exogenous)
or from differential responses of malignant and stromal cells to SPARC . In cancer, the expression pattern of SPARC is variable depending on the tumor types. For example, a strong cytoplasmic SPARC expression was found in stromal cells surrounding malignant tissues in breast cancer, but was absent in stromal cells of normal breast tissues [17, 18], and SPARC expression in the surrounding stromal of breast cancer was significantly higher than tumor cells [19, 20]. Similar observations were made in prostate cancer , bladder GF120918 cancer , non-small cell lung cancer  and ovarian cancer . There are not only the differences in the pattern of SPARC expression within tumors and the stroma
surrounding malignant tissues, but also the differential clinical outcomes of SPARC expression in a variety of tumors. Watkins, et al.  showed that high levels of SPARC expression in tumor cells negatively correlated with the overall survival of patients in breast cancer, but was unrelated to the disease-free survival. Recent studies have shown that over-expression GSK2118436 research buy of SPARC in the surrounding stromal of
breast cancer was related with the better prognosis of patients [19, 20]. However, the increased SPARC expression in prostate cancer, bladder cancer and non-small cell lung cancer indicated a higher malignancy and invasion of tumors with poor prognosis. In contrast, in ovarian cancer, elevated SPARC expression inhibited the invasion and metastasis of tumor cells . Recently, the role of SPARC expression in colon cancer was concerned greatly. To investigate if SPARC promotes or inhibits the invasion and metastasis of tumor, the expression level of SPARC in human colon cancer tissues and their corresponding Chloroambucil non-diseased colon by immunohistochemical method in the buy 4SC-202 current study. The results in our study showed that SPARC expression in MSC was significantly higher than that in cancer cells and in normal mucosa tissues, and only SPARC expression in MSC was significantly different with clinicopathological parameters including tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis. Our results also showed that SPARC expression was mainly in MSC and decreased in colon cancer tissue, which indicated that SPARC might inhibit the invasion and metastasis of tumor during colon cancer development. Others considered that this suppression might be related to the tumor growth, and SPARC had an antiproliferative function through modulating cell cycle regulatory proteins or growth factors .