Our study aimed to characterize DCA in severe and moderate ICA st

Our study aimed to characterize DCA in severe and moderate ICA stenosis before and after carotid stenting.

Methods: This study included 21 patients with ICA stenosis >= 50% who received carotid stenting. Data of arterial blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity of the middle cerebral artery, measured by transcranial Doppler, were collected for 10 minutes :524 hours before and after stenting. The DCA index, represented as aMx, was assessed by calculating GSK1210151A supplier the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient of spontaneous arterial blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity fluctuations. The relationship between aMx and stenotic severity and also alternations

of aMx before and after stenting were assessed.

Results: Carotid stenting was effective to improve the DCA in the stenting side but not

in the contralateral nonstenting side. In considering GSK2118436 ic50 individual ICAs, the average aMx (mean :+/- SD) increased significantly from ICA stenosis <50% (0.117 +/- 0.091) to 50% to 69% (0.349 +/- 0.144), 70% to 99% (0.456 +/- 0.147), and total occlusion (0.557 +/- 0.210; P < .05, P < .01, and P < .01, compared with 50% to 69%, 70% to 99%, or total occlusion with <50% stenosis). The correlation between the degree of ICA stenosis and the aMx was also significant (r = 0.693, P < .005). The aMx improved significantly heptaminol in the stented side after carotid stenting in both moderate and severe ICA stenosis, and this finding was not affected by age, sex, risk factors, or clinical


Conclusions. In addition to patients with severe carotid stenosis, patients with moderate carotid stenosis may also have impaired DCA that can be restored after carotid stenting.”
“Introduction. – Dysphagia is a common and distressing consequence of hemispheric stroke. Study aim. – To verify the usefulness of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies of swallowing in healthy subjects and in stroke patients.

Material and methods. – TMS studies of the motor cortical projections to the upper esophageal. sphincter were performed in 45 patients with acute mono-hemispheric stroke (26 patients with dysphagia) and 20 healthy adult volunteers.

Results. – TMS of either hemisphere in normal volunteers evoked motor evoked potentials (MEP) in the esophagus. The average point of optimal excitability was slightly more anterior in the right hemisphere; otherwise, MEP amplitudes and latencies were similar from both hemispheres as were the areas of the cortical map. The cortical map area and amplitude of MEPs were significantly smaller and the latencies longer after stimulation of the affected hemisphere compared with the unaffected hemisphere and pooled control data. Twenty-four dysphagic patients (92.

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