After 70 days, an increase of the survival rate of IL-2 infused animals was observed as compared to animals challenged with EL4-huCD20 cells only. Thus, IL-2 injection at distance from mAb treatment may strengthen the immune response against EL4-huCD20 tumor cells induced by this treatment. In conclusion, PR-171 manufacturer our work shows that an anti-CD20 mAb treatment can induce a long-lasting adaptive immune response that can be manipulated with IL-2.
O53 Hypoxia-Regulated MicroRNAs, New Players in Tumorigenesis Mircea Ivan 1 , Meredith Crosby2, Cecilia Devlin1, Peter Glazer2, Adrian Harris3, Robert McCormick3 1 Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, 2 Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA, 3 Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, UK Adaptation to decreased oxygen tension is critical for the tumorigenic process and involves a complex network of genes. Our recent studies revealed that the hypoxic response is not restricted to expressed genes. Several microRNAs, including miR-210 and miR-373, represent direct targets of HIF and preliminary data indicate that they play important roles in the response to extended hypoxic stress. miR-210 click here is upregulated in a variety of solid tumors, it is positively correlated with a hypoxia signature in vivo, and confers a negative
prognosis in breast cancer. Therefore this miR may represent a key component for cancer cell adaptation to the tumor microenvironment. Clonogenic assays in a variety of cancer cell backgrounds demonstrate that miR-210 supports cell survival and proliferation during hypoxic
stress and we are studying critical target genes that contribute to this effect. The impact of miR-210 manipulation on hypoxic expression profiles reveals for the first time pathways that are regulated via miR-dependent mechanisms and of relevance for tumor biology, such as mitochondrial ROS generation (the iron-sulfur cluster scaffold homolog ISCU). Additionally, miR-210 and 373 directly target DNA repair genes such as Rad52 and Rad23b, from potentially contributing to the well-established correlation between hypoxia and DNA damage. We developed models for https://www.selleckchem.com/products/Romidepsin-FK228.html addressing the role of miR-210 in tumorigenesis, using stable miR-overexpressing breast cancer cells xenografts, and by performing in vivo miR inactivation using locked nucleic acids probes (LNAs). These strategies are aimed to interfere with the ability of cells to survive and proliferate in a hypoxic microenviroment, and could provide the starting point for miR-based therapeutic developments. O54 Role of Lactate as a Fuel in a Unique Microenvironmentally Controlled Metabolic Symbiont Pierre Sonveaux 1,2 , Frédérique Végran1, Thies Schroeder2, Olivier Feron1, Mark W.