investigated reasons for noninclusion and nontreatment RO4929097 datasheet of patients referred to our tertiary referral center. A0-A3, necroinflammatory activity score; AFP, alpha-fetoprotein; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index; CHC, chronic hepatitis C; CI, confidence interval; DAA, direct-acting antiviral agent; F0-F4, fibrosis stage score; γ-GT, gamma glutamyle transferase; GT, genotype; HCV, hepatitis C virus; ITT, intent to treat; IL, interleukin; IVDA, intravenous drug abuse; peg-IFN, pegylated interferon; RBV, ribavirin; SCR, screening; SD, standard deviation; SOC, standard of care; SVR, sustained virologic response; TPP, treated per protocol; WBC, white blood cell count. Medical records of all 503
treatment-naïve patients with CHC, GT-1, referred to our center from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2009 were reviewed retrospectively. At referral, patients had a blood test, including HCV GT and viral load, and received an appointment to see a hepatologist. Twenty-two patients had contraindications for peg-IFN/RBV-based therapy; the remaining 481 were evaluated for the feasibility for antiviral therapy. All patients were informed selleck chemicals about the option to participate in
ongoing studies (DAAs [n = 101]: telaprevir, danoprevir, TMC435, BI201355, mericitabine, balapiravir, and IDX 184; or IFN-based treatments [n = 40]: albIFN alpha-2b or response-guided treatment2). Every patient, for whatever reason, not eligible or willing to be included into a study was offered SOC therapy: 171 patients did neither opt to take part in a study nor had SOC resulting from several reasons (Fig. 1), 169 received SOC, and 141 were treated BCKDHA within a study regimen. For analysis of the IL28B GT, patients were either tested at one of the follow-up visits or were recalled for testing. All patients gave informed consent for genetic testing. In 79% of all treated patients, the IL28B rs12979860 GT could be determined. History of intravenous drug abuse (IVDA), alcohol consumption, nicotine abuse, drug-substitution therapy, history of psychiatric disorders, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, concomitant medication intake, mode of infection, country of origin, sex, age, and body mass index (BMI; calculated by dividing weight [kg] divided by height2 [m2]) were assessed.