04 32 76 aDiluted QDW618 water-based cutting fluid; bDiluted QDW6

04 32.76 aDiluted QDW618 water-based cutting fluid; bDiluted QDW618 water-based cutting fluid with nanographite additive. The cutting fluid owes its lubrication ability from the lubricating film between the cutter and workpiece. Nanographite particles possess the features of high-temperature

resistance and self-lubrication ability which favor the formation and strengthening of the lubricating film. Therefore, the nanographite additive improves apparently the lubrication performance of the water-based cutting fluid. Conclusions In this study, water-soluble nanographite was prepared through in situ emulsion polymerization. The graphite particles could disperse uniformly and steadily in aqueous environment after surface modification. The nanographite additive improved the friction-reducing and antiwear properties of the water-based cutting fluid. The mean friction coefficient

and WSD reduced by 44% (from 0.106 to 0.059) and 49% (from 1.27 to 0.65 mm), respectively. selleck kinase inhibitor The P B value increased from 784 to 883 N. Meanwhile, the small surface tension indicated the enhancement of wettability. In general, nanographite additive made up the defect of current water-based cutting fluid whose lubrication ability was not ideal. Authors’ information QC, XW, YL, and TY are graduate students, and ZW is a professor at the College of Science in China University of Petroleum (East China). Acknowledgments This work was supported by the Gold-idea Program of China University of Petroleum (grant no. JD1112-13) and the National University Student Innovation Program

(grant no. 091042514). References Selleckchem PF 01367338 1. Emma JES, Martin P: Nanographite impurities within carbon nanotubes are responsible for their stable and sensitive response toward electrochemical oxidation of phenols. J Phys Chem C 2011, 115:5530–5534.CrossRef 2. Lee CG, Hwang YJ, Choi YM, Lee JK, Choi C, Oh JM: A study on the tribological characteristics of graphite nano lubricants. Int J Precis Eng Man 2009, 10:85–90.CrossRef 3. Koethen FL: The role of graphite in lubrication. Ind Eng Chem 1926, 18:497–499.CrossRef 4. Chen Q, Wang ZT, Liu S, Liu Y: Synthesis of nanographite/poly(methyl acrylate) compound latex in a water-based fluid. New Chemical Materials 2011, 39:76–77. 5. Dimitrios A, Naga RT, Alberto S: Molecular structure and CYTH4 dynamics in thin water films at the silica and graphite surfaces. J Phys Chem C 2008, 112:13587–13599.CrossRef 6. Dandan M, Yildirim EH: Evaporation rate of graphite liquid marbles: comparison with water droplets. Langmuir 2009, 25:8362–8367.CrossRef 7. Alexander P, Michael G: Water-graphite interaction and behavior of water near the graphite surface. J Phys Chem B 2004, 108:1357–1364.CrossRef 8. Julie BZ, Kim FH, Steven JS: Influence of ion accumulation on the emulsion stability and performance of semi-synthetic www.selleckchem.com/products/lazertinib-yh25448-gns-1480.html metalworking fluids. Environ Sci Technol 2004, 38:2482–2490.CrossRef 9. Sun JG, Liu ZC: The essentiality and feasibility of green cutting fluids. Lubr Eng 2001, 2:68–69. 10.

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