Pneumonia can often be lethal in this group ofpatients, among sev

Pneumonia can often be lethal in this group ofpatients, among severely disabled children, up to 80%of deaths is caused by respiratory problems [7, 8]. Although it is a common clinical knowledge that children with neurological impairment often have respiratory problems, frequency rates have not been estimated. Retrospective prevalence of pneumonias estimates Enzalutamide mouse about 31% per 6 months; from 38% single episodes to 19% recurrent pneumonias per year [9]. A number of factors contribute to respiratory difficulties in handicapped children; several

of these issues coexist and may interact with each other. Many disorders as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), malnutrition, dysphagia, GER, chest wall and spinal deformities, some antiepileptic and myorelaxant drugs as well as several others have been considered as lower IDH inhibitor respiratory infections contributing factors in this group of children [6,8]. Although most of these factors occur in all handicapped children, their relative importance varies between particular groups of patients 10., 11., 12., 13., 14., 15., 16. and 17.. In this paper, we tried to find the most important differences in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to establish diagnostic and therapeutic procedures giving the best results in this group of children. The authors analyzed the clinical course, diagnostics, outcome and treatment of lower respiratory tract

infections in children with chronic neurological disorders. The group consisted of 72 children, 30 girls and 42 boys, aged from 2 months to 17 years (mean age 3.4 years), with a chronic neurological disorders and recurring lower respiratory tract infections, hospitalized in the Pulmological and Neurological Wards

of Silesian Medical University School. 1. Progressive encephalophaties (PE) n=23 (32%), aged Metalloexopeptidase from 2 months to 13 years (mean age 2.7 years). Into this group patients with following diseases were included: globoid cell leukodystrophy (n=1), GM1 gangliosidosis (n=2), metachromatic leukodystrophy (n=1), Niemann-Pick type A disease (n=1), mucopolisacharidosis (n=2), bifunctional protein deficiency (n=1), nonketotic hiperglicynemia (n=3), ethylomalonic aciduria (n=1), hydantoin-5-propionic aciduria (n=1), Canavan disease (n=2), congenital disorders of glycosylation (n=2), ornithine carbamylase deficiency (n=1), mitochondrial encephalomyopathy (n=4) and progressive encephalopathy of unknown origin (n=1). 1. Risk factors for recurrent lower respiratory tract infections: a. Perinatal pathology: congenital pneumonia, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), respiratory distress in the neonatal period, congenital heart defects. In the study group, children with PE (n=23; 32%) and CP (n=20; 28%) were the most numerous, and the least frequent were patients with neuromuscular diseases (n=6; 8%).

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