Twenty two patients met the inclusion criteria. Of these patients, we collected data retrospectively and compiled a spreadsheet containing the following information: age, gender, weight, medication (including preparation) comorbidity with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) as reported by referrer, comorbidity total (other mental health disorders diagnosed at assessment plus ASD as reported by referrer), and dose of medication on first consultation. From this matrix, the dose of medication in milligrams per kilogram was calculated and methylphenidate dose equivalents as described by NICE [National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2008a] were used. We did not make a
Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical specialist ASD assessment to confirm or disprove this diagnosis. The weight in kilograms of each patient was checked during the first consultation as well as other physical parameters such as blood pressure (BP), pulse and height. At the same consultation, ADHD symptom severity was assessed Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical using
the investigator-administered 18-item total ADHD symptom score which is the sum of Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical the inattentive and hyperactivity/impulsivity subscales from the Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS) and has a maximum score of 54 [Conners et al. 1999]. The medication (including preparation) and current prescribed dose were also confirmed. The first set of analyses examined whether there were any factors associated with either the Conners’ score or the dose given. An examination of the distribution of the Conners’ score suggested that this was approximately normally distributed. As a result, the unpaired t-test was used to compare this measure
between patients with and without comorbidity. Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical There was insufficient data to formally compare between genders. Additional analyses compared the dose between patients with and without comorbidity and also between genders. The dose values were found to have Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical a positively skewed distribution, and were not normally distributed. Therefore, the Mann—Whitney U-test was used for these analyses. Owing to the distribution of the values, the median was used as the summary Casein kinase 1 measure in preference to the mean. The final GSK1363089 analysis of this data examined the association between age and dose or gender and also between Conners’ score and age. These associations were examined using Pearson correlation. Results Of the 22 patients, only one was female and the mean age was 19.7 (SD = 1.93) years old. The mean Conners’ score was 30.1 (SD = 12.8) and the mean dose of stimulant (mg/kg) was 0.56 (SD = 0.30). The total comorbidity including ASD and other mental health disorders was 31.8% whilst the reported comorbidity by referrer with ASD was 27.3%. The first set of analyses examined the relationships between variables in the dosing dataset and the results are presented in Table 1.