The data on adherence to medication and NCF were self-reported, and therefore some of the respondents may have underestimated or overestimated their rate of adherence. The research model was explorative, and in future studies the model may be complemented by other factors of interest, e.g. health beliefs  and , self-efficacy , , ,  and  and socioeconomic status ,
or tested in other theoretical approaches to investigate factors of interest. This was a sample with limited diversity based on self-selection. No data on non-respondents were collected. To limit the impact of possible selection bias the model was adjusted for demographic variables such as age Screening Library solubility dmso and gender. As such, utility and effectiveness among diverse populations should be evaluated in future research. In addition, this patient group was selected whilst fetching their prescribed medications. Therefore, the results only apply to secondary adherence behavior and should not be generalized to patients that are not primary adherent, which includes those patients who did not even purchase their prescription drugs . In conclusion, this study identified both XL184 chemical structure the perception
of necessity of treatment and side effects as directly significant factors associated with adherence among patients using lipid-lowering medical treatments. This study also provided preliminary support for the notion that health- and treatment-related Nintedanib (BIBF 1120) factors, as well as locus of control factors, are indirectly associated with medical adherence through their associations with mediating perception of necessity of treatment. Even though much of the adherence behavior is under the patients’ control , this result shows that perception of the necessity of treatment is associated with several modifiable factors, and that a high perception of the necessity of treatment is associated with higher adherence among statin users. This supports the idea that present health care professionals have not seized the potential of increasing adherence in this patient group to its full extent. The study implies that it might be possible
to increase adherence by managing some of the modifiable factors that are associated with CVD patients’ beliefs about medications. Importantly, patients’ satisfaction with treatment explanation seems to have a positive association with treatment necessity and at the same time a negative association with treatment concerns. The study highlights the importance for health care professionals of considering beliefs about medications, disease burden, experience of cardiovascular events and locus of control factors that characterize the patient when it comes to increasing adherence. The results of this study imply that an approach targeting necessity and concern might be able to increase adherence to statin therapy. None of the authors have a conflict of interest to declare.