ess substantial role on the dynamics in the model. The outer feedback parameters governing A20 act in opposition to the IKK recycling rate to regulate this response, made clear by the opposite signs of sensitivity values throughout the response. Although many features of the NF B response have been studied previously using sensitivity analysis, little attention has www.selleckchem.com/products/ABT-888.html been paid to the dynamic sensitivities of IKK. We therefore assessed parameter sensitivities of IKK activation in the same way as just described for NF B. IKK activity is sensitive to fewer parameters than NF B, which is expected due to fewer reactions involved in the upstream module, and its only direct interaction with the downstream signaling path way occurring through feedback from A20.
As with NF B, the IKK sensitivities are also highly dynamic, emphasizing the dynamic nature of its regulation during the initial transient and late, Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries low activity phase. The initial peak only exhibits sensitivity to the activation rate and inactivation rate parameters controlling the magnitude and the dissociation constant. Twenty minutes after the initial stimulus when IKK is mostly in its inactivated form, the response becomes highly sensitive to the IKK recycling rate and to A20 synthesis, degradation, and negative feedback rates which constitute the outer feedback loop. The late phase IKK response is also relatively sensitive to the rates governing I Ba induced synthesis and transcript stability, and to a lesser extent to its induced degrada tion of I Ba protein, Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries which indicates that the dynamics of IKK are still highly coupled to the inner feedback loop of I Ba despite the absence of direct crosstalk reactions.
While sensitivity analysis with respect to small varia tions is informative, the nonlinear nature of the system makes it possible that the results may be different when large magnitude changes to the parameters are consid ered. Robustness of the system response to large changes in parameter values was therefore assessed by varying Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries each parameter over four orders of magnitude and computing the Euclidean distance between the nom inal NF B response and the NF B response simulated at these perturbed parameters. NF B activity remains relatively unchanged when many of the parameters for nuclear shuttling and I Ba protein degradation are changed to values which differ substan tially from their estimated values, indicating that the sys tem response is relatively robust to changes in these parameters.
Examination of the trajectories at parameter values spanning two orders of magnitude shows that indeed Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries the response remains similar when the protein degradation rates are varied by large amounts, and that altering the nuclear import rate of I Ba changes the amplitude of the second peak but retains an other wise similar profile. Consis tent with the sensitivity results in which NF B was insensitive to activation and inactivation rates for IKK, the NF B response is robust GSK-3 to changes in these parameter figure 1