Nothing else was added in CNTRL. The expansion of cell culture proliferation was quantified by manual cell counting. Experiments were repeated in triplicate and media values were calculated. Clonogenic assay Five hundred viable cells per well were plated in a 35 mm dish and allowed to grow in normal medium for 10 14 days and then stained for 30 min at room temperature with a 6% glutaralde hyde, 0. 5% crystal violet solution. Pictures were captured digitally. All experiments were repeated at a minimum twice for each cell line. Flow cytometry For cell cycle analyses, cells were fixed in 70% ethanol and stored at 20 C over night. Fixed cells were treated with 1 mg ml RNase A for 1 h at 37 C and DNA was stained with Propidium Iodide. Samples were acquired with a Guava EasyCyte 8HT flow cytometer.
Cell cycle distribution was shown. Western blot analysis Briefly, 25 50 ug of proteins extracted as described pre viously from cultured cells were separated by SDS PAGE and transferred onto nitrocellulose Promethazine HCl clinical trial membranes. Membranes were blocked and blotted with relevant anti bodies, Bcl 2, p21, p27, p53, c myc, caspase 3, p AKT, AKT, PARP and tubulina. Goat anti mouse or rabbit or goat IgG horseradish peroxidase conjugated secondary antibodies were visualized with enhanced chemiluminescence reagent. Results CF induces death in human cancer cell lines The antiproliferative effect of CF dilutions was assessed by Cell proliferation kit HCT 116 and MSTO 211 cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The G1 peak was increased in CF treated HCT 116 cells.
The percentage of G1 peak in control and CF treated HCT 116 cells for 24 and 48 hours was 32. 8 0. 8, 39. 0 0. 19 and 48. 6 1. 5, respectively. The sub G1 peak, which is indicator of apoptosis, was raised following 24 and 48 hours of CF treated MSTO 211 cells. The percentage BAPTA-AM solubility of this sub G1 peak in control and CF treated MSTO 211 cells for 24 and 48 hours was 2. 5 0. 03, 11. 2 1. 0 and 17. 8 2. 0, respectively, thereby suggesting apoptotic cell death. Caspase 3 is expressed in cells as an inactive precursor from which the subunits of the mature caspase 3 are proteolytically generated during apoptosis. In our ex periments we used a mouse monoclonal antibody raised against the full length caspase 3, so the reduction of the expression of caspase 3 indicates apoptosis.
Expression of caspase 3 and cleavage of poly polymerase were detected in western blot in CF treated HCT 116 and MSTO 211cells. These re sults show that CF induces apoptosis in HCT 116 and MSTO 211 cells. These results show that CF induces apoptosis in HCT 116 and MSTO 211 cells. CF induces apoptosis via upregulation of p53, p21 and p27 and downregulation of c myc To clarify the detailed mechanisms underlying CF induced cell apoptosis, we detected the expression of apoptosis re lated proteins in CF treated HCT 116 and MSTO 211cells by western blot assay for the indicated time.